Glaucoma Awareness

Posted on January 2nd, 2013 by clvc

There are usually no symptoms in the early stages of Glaucoma, so it often goes undetected and causes irreversible damage to the eye.  As the disease progresses, vision may fluctuate and peripheral vision may fail.  If left untreated, damage to the eye (optic) nerve can occur and vision can be reduced to tunnel vision and eventually, total blindness.

Elevated pressure in the eye is the main factor leading to glaucoma.   African-Americans who are over forty years of age, everyone over the age of 60 (especially Mexican-Americans), and anyone with a family history of glaucoma are at a higher risk of developing the disease in their lifetime.  Additionally, anyone with a family history of glaucoma, or who have systemic diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure and heart problems are also at increased risk.  Other risk factors include nearsightedness and direct trauma to the eye.

Early detection and treatment of glaucoma, before it causes major vision loss, is the best way to control the disease. Make sure to have your eyes examined through dilated pupils every year by an eye care professional, especially if you fall into one of the high-risk groups for the disease.